An important and exciting part of hunting is the tracking of the animal after the shot. Although it may not seem important to everyone, it can be the difference from recovering or not recovering your deer. Unfortunately the ground isn't always covered by snow. Tracking in freshly fallen snow is quick and easy!
1. Pay Attention
a) Make a mental note of exactly of the last place you saw the deer and the point of impact. This will allow you to easily find the arrow and the beginning of the trail. There is quite a bit of information that can be used to figure out where the arrow hit. For example, fat on the arrow or a lot of white hair may mean it was low.
b) Watch how the deer reacts. If the deer crunches up, it is likely to be a hit too far back. A deer that takes off at full sprint usually signals a solid hit in my experience.
c) Stay in your stand and listen even if you can't see the deer anymore.
2. Be Patient
a) Give the deer time to lay down. They always do.
b) If for any reason you believe that you did have a good hit, wait a few hours before going further than 10 yards past where the deer was hit. If the deer is down it will still be that way 10 hours from now.
c) Go slow following the trail. Sign can easily be covered up by an impatient tracker.
d) Be aware of the weather. Is it going to rain and wash away the blood? Is the snow going to melt?
3. Get Help
a) A second person can help you line everything up. This can be very useful when the deer was in some tall grass or an open area.
b) Two sets of eyes are better than one.
c) Another person will keep you from being impatient and making bad decisions due to your excited state of mind.
d) At the very least, they can mark the last sign while tracking or if you are successful, help drag the deer out of the woods.